maim

maim
maim, cripple, mutilate, batter, mangle are comparable when they mean to injure the body or an object so severely as to leave permanent or long-lasting effects.
Maim implies the loss of a limb or member or the destruction of its usefulness usually through violence (as by war, accident, or the deliberate act of oneself or another)
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Automobiles maim large numbers of persons every year

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may- be I wouldn't have to kill you .... I could just maim you —so you couldn't keep me from turning back— Edison Marshall

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seems to have been maimed psychologically by a brutal father— N. Y. Times Book Rev.

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Cripple (see also WEAKEN) is more restricted than maim because strictly it implies the loss of or serious impairment of the use of a leg or arm or part of one
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he is crippled as a result of an amputation following blood poisoning

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crippled by a congenital hip disease

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Mutilate (for specific sense of this word, see STERILIZE 1) implies the cutting off or removal of a part essential to completeness, not only of a person but also of a thing, and to his or its perfection, beauty, entirety, or fulfillment of function
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could make little manikins of their enemies and by mutilating these, inflict pains and ills on the persons they represented— Cobban

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windows . . . darkened by time and mutilated by willful injury— Henry Adams

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the last twelve pages of this codex have been mutilated by fire— Modern Language Notes

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Batter and mangle do not suggest loss of limb, member, or part, but they do suggest injuries which excessively disfigure the person or thing.
Batter implies a pounding (literal or figurative) that bruises deeply, deforms, or mutilates
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he emerged from the fight battered and dazed

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the first time he made a helmet, he tested its capacity for resisting blows, and battered it out of shape— Russell

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so rough were the roads that we were battered and pitched about like cargoes in a heavy sea— A. R. Williams

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Mangle, on the other hand, implies a tearing or crushing and a covering (literally or figuratively) with deep wounds or lacerations
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mangled with ghastly wounds through plate and mail— Milton

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reckless people who have disregarded the warnings and been mangled by sharks— Heiser

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Analogous words: mar, spoil, damage, injure: *deface, disfigure

New Dictionary of Synonyms. 2014.

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • maim — / mām/ vt: to mutilate, disfigure, or wound seriously compare mayhem Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996. maim …   Law dictionary

  • Maim — Maim, n. [Written in law language {maihem}, and {mayhem}.] [OF. mehaing. See {Maim}, v.] 1. The privation of the use of a limb or member of the body, by which one is rendered less able to defend himself or to annoy his adversary. [1913 Webster] 2 …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • maim´er — maim «maym», verb, noun, adjective. –v.t. 1. to cut off or make useless an arm, leg, ear, or the like, of; cripple; disable: »He lost two toes in the accident, but we were glad that he was not more seriously maimed. SYNONYM(S): mutilate, mangle.… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Maim — (m[=a]m), v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Maimed} (m[=a]md);p. pr. & vb. n. {Maiming}.] [OE. maimen, OF. mahaignier, mehaignier, meshaignier, cf. It. magagnare, LL. mahemiare, mahennare; perh. of Celtic origin; cf. Armor. mac ha[ n]a to mutilate, m[=a]c ha… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • maim — [meım] v [T] [Date: 1300 1400; : Old French; Origin: maynier] to wound or injure someone very seriously and often permanently ▪ Landmines still kill or maim about 300 people every month …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • maim — maim·er; maim; …   English syllables

  • maim — [mām] vt. [ME maymen < OFr mahaigner, mayner] to deprive of the use of some necessary part of the body; cripple; mutilate; disable n. [ME mayme, maheym < OFr mahaing, main] Obs. an injury causing the loss or crippling of some necessary part …   English World dictionary

  • maim — [ meım ] verb transitive to injure someone seriously, especially permanently: The boy had been maimed in a train wreck …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English

  • maim — (v.) c.1300, maimen, from O.Fr. mahaignier injure, wound, muitilate, cripple, disarm, possibly from V.L. *mahanare (Cf. Prov. mayanhar, It. magagnare), of unknown origin; or possibly from a Germanic source, from P.Gmc. *mait (Cf. O.N. meiða to… …   Etymology dictionary

  • maim — [v] cripple, put out of action batter, blemish, break, castrate, crush, damage, deface, disable, disfigure, dismember, disqualify, gimp*, hack, hamstring*, harm, hog tie*, hurt, impair, incapacitate, injure, lame, mangle, mar, massacre, maul,… …   New thesaurus

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